Intervention of Mr. Kyriakos Hadjiyianni, in Ad Hoc Committee on Migration of OSCE PA: “Combating Trafficking in Human Beings Along Migration Routes in Bosnia and Herzegovina” Δημοσίευση: 15-04-2021
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Ημερομηνία: 11-07-2017
Ομιλία του βουλευτή δρ Κυριακού Χατζηγιάννη, όπου στο πλαίσιο της 26ης Ετήσιας Συνόδου της Κ.Σ. του ΟΑΣΕ στο Μινσκ της Λευκορωσίας (5-9 Ιουλίου 2017), ως εισηγητής της Επιτροπής Δημοκρατίας, Ανθρωπίνων Δικαιωμάτων και Ανθρωπιστικών Θεμάτων παρουσιάζει την έκθεση του για τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα.

Speech by Rapporteur Dr Kyriakos Hadjiyiannis

of the third Committee on Democracy, Human Rights and Humanitarian Questions.


All of us today are conducting a dialogue to strengthen respect for HR, the rule of law and democracy. Our shared values. These values, which at some other time have been accepted by common decisions. Decisions that are above national law. At a time after the Cold War, humanity, seeing our common decisions, was hoping for a peaceful, stable and better world

Today these same values are in great tribulation. They are tested by us all. From us through our tolerance and forgetting lessons from history. Even from our states many of which have not adopted these values in national law. But also by many others through their own feasibility and aggressive actions. From populists, from dictators, from nationalists, from religious fundamentalism.

Of all those who terrorize in the free societies and their values. Terrorist attacks are not just attacks on countries, they are attacks against democracy, the rule of law and basic freedoms. They are attacks on the individual, dignity, freedoms, tolerance, respect, the woman of vulnerable people

Today as never before is the time to reaffirm our commitment and our belief in them.

In 2017, it is sad and disappointing to have to repeat appeals to states and governments to adopt basic principles and values ​​that they have already accepted. Rather than today, we are in the plenary and ask for the adoption of a renewed and updated charter on the human rights and fundamental freedoms of the new generation.


Based on what is happening today in the world, the OSCE member states and governments will have to reaffirm their determination to respect the OSCE security model.

As the OSCE / PA, we have an obligation to move now much more aggressively and to set priorities such as reaffirming our commitment to basic principles and values, strengthening the rule of law and democracy, protecting vulnerable groups. Also strengthen the capabilities of the OSCE by creating additional mechanisms for effective observation, defense and early detection of risks to human rights and fundamental freedoms.

What is the philosophy of the report?

At a time when old wars are being revived while new conflicts are born, resulting in a massive wave of people fleeing war zones to save, climate change creates conditions unsuitable for people to live, resulting in a wave of population displacement, fanatic fundamentalism is causing terror in Societies, the destabilization of democracies is a frequent phenomenon, nationalism is emerging through the cultivation of hatred, the nationalization of hope grows at the expense of international co-operation And to the detriment of democracy and the rule of law, the efforts of States and governments to address the consequences of these developments through the limitation of human rights and the substitution of the rule of law and democracy in emergency situations in the name of the need

Enduring rivalries and persistent mistrust bubble under the surface of many societies, raising fears of renewed civil conflicts on the horizon. A gap of legitimacy between peoples and their institutions adds to a popular sense of dislocation and disorientation. External factors, particularly imported radical ideologies on the one hand and the influx of refugees and non-European migrants on the other hand, exacerbate feelings of insecurity and perceptions of crisis.

In times like these, we need to intensify our focus on the human dimension of security.

This report is intended to underscore the centrality of the human dimension to our security and propose ways of reinforcing this keystone of our regional architecture at a time when it threatens to crumble without due care.

I want to underline the importance of human rights in building and upholding both internal and international peace. Today, in responding to such challenges as the spread of radical ideologies or the massive flows of refugees and migrants, government leaders may be tempted to assert greater control over their societies, borders and institutions. However, increasing restrictions and prescribing simplistic and narrow-minded security responses is not the solution – in fact, it is the opposite of what we must do.

In the report and draft resolution that I will present today, I hope to remind the OSCE that as the world’s largest regional security organization, it must at all times bear in mind the risks of overly securitizing such challenges. In this regard I urge our governments to prioritize commitments to protect fundamental human rights and freedoms of every individual in addressing such pressing issues as countering violent extremism.

The report has 5 pillars:

  1. The Human Foundation of security
  2. Strengthening  space for human dimension debate in the OSCE
  3. Reinforcing the institutional foundations of respect for rights
  4. Emphasizing Key Human Dimension Commitments
  5. Drawing on OSCE Resources

1.         The Human Foundation of security

The new world order and especially the OSCE area is experiencing increased tensions and instabilities. Old controversies are revitalized. Fears are created on the basis of the preconditions of any confrontation, but also by other factors such as extreme ideologies and refugee flows towards Europe. This results of this development is that many politicians in the name of security impose border control, societies control and institutions control. For that is why it is so important to reaffirm our belief in the final act of Helsinki, which set HR and fundamental freedoms as a global flagship for the maintenance of peace, security and cooperation.

2.         Strengthening space for human dimension debate in the OSCE

Many countries are downgrading the public debate on the human dimension and the obligations stemming from the 1991 Moscow join declaration. The commitment stemming from the human dimension are clear and their encroachment is a strike at the foundation of the OSCE. For this reason, public debate about HR, cannot be hindered in the name of security.

3.         Reinforcing the institutional foundations of respect for rights

In practice the pluralistic democracy and the rule of law are the first victim of efforts to tackle real or perceived threats to national security. This is totally the opposite as provided in the consensus in Ljubljana in 2005, where the pluralistic democracy and the rule of law are the prerequisite for achieving a lasting peace, security, justice and stability. This section of the report deals with the emergency regime imposed for national security purposes. But countries have been applying it for long time and even by abolishing the principles of the rule of law. Completely contrary to the spirit of Moscow Declaration of 1991.

OSCE countries have committed to fully respect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals, and build societies based on pluralistic democracy and rule of law. In a time of heightened security tensions, it is our mission to renew our commitments to those principles, also concerning oversight of our military, security, and intelligence services, and not to use security concerns to justify restrictions on human rights and the subversion of the rule of law.

4.         Emphasizing Key Human Dimension Commitments

The OSCE must make every effort to invigorate its commitment to the human dimension, particularly in the following areas that have special bearing on the future security and stability of the OSCE region: freedom of expression, thought, conscience, religion or belief and the right of especially vulnerable populations. Ensuring the HR of vulnerable individuals particularly in crisis situation, can help avoid situations of even greater crisis. In this report, political prisoners, migrants, internal displaced persons, person under occupied regime, refugees who are threatened with genocide as a group of people as well as cultural entity, and persons with disabilities, deserve particular mention. Also important for me are the rights of observers and the rights of victims of terror attacks.

As a member of the Committee on Refugee-Enclaved-Missing-Adversely Affected Persons of the House of Representatives of Cyprus, I am particularly sensitive to the importance of safeguarding refugees’ human rights and ensuring their protection in compliance with international standards.

It must also be recalled that within the migration flows are refugees who have been targeted for violence in their home countries, and our organization must make special provisions for those especially vulnerable populations on the periphery of the OSCE region.

5.         Drawing on OSCE Resources

There are suggestions that member states can take to reaffirm the integral nature of the human dimension to the concept of comprehensive security:

  • The OSCE provides a forum where human dimension commitments are openly discussed, where governments hold each other to account. It is the responsibility of OSCE countries to protect and strengthen these forums and to improve enforcement mechanisms when human rights violations take place.
  • Ensuring field missions with mandates for the three dimensions
  • Reinvigorate the Moscow Mechanism with further nomination of experts
  • Efforts from participate states to implement the recommendation of election and referendum observation monitoring missions
  • More active role in referenda must be assumed by the OSCE/PA itself, especially in state of emergency status
  • More active role in monitoring implementation of agreements and regarding HR commitments within the scope of its mandate
  • Expanding with special representatives to other parts of the world with significant linkages to the OSCE region.



For over four decades, the OSCE has championed its concept of comprehensive security articulated in the Helsinki Final Act of 1975.

We must work urgently to preserve the OSCE as a space where such a vision can gain fresh impetus and help shape our collective future, including by strengthening its human dimension.

Allow me first to express my gratitude to the secretariat for its support for my work as a rapporteur for the protection of human rights in the OSCE area. Also, I would like to thank the plenary session of our spring session in Vienna where I was able to present the exhibition and develop a dialogue around it. I would also like to express my special thanks to the Bureau of our organization for supporting my report after presenting it at the Bureau meeting in Copenhagen. I would also like to express my warmest thanks to all national delegations for their suggestions and their proposals for amendments. I want to say that I have studied them carefully and they have been the opportunity to study my report again and the resolution from a number of different perspectives.

It is a great honor and my joy that today is the moment when I am standing before you, putting before you the report and the resolution to vote. The report has been timely distributed and studied, and it is therefore not necessary for detailed. At the same time, the resolution that has been distributed on time is based on the report. Therefore, my appeal is to vote as an overall philosophy. A series of amendments that are in the context of the report philosophy is logical to adopt.

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